Chemistry of the rhenium-azopyridine family: An oxo parent and derivatives thereof including a novel oxo-imido dimer

Sangeeta Banerjee, Sibaprasad Bhattacharyya, Bimal Kumar Dirghangi, Mahua Menon, Animesh Chakravorty

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61 Scopus citations


The concerned azo ligands are 2-(phenylazo)pyridine (HL) and 2-((p-chlorophenyl)azo)pyridine (ClL). The reaction of KrReO4 with HL in hot concentrated HCl is attended with metal reduction and ligand chlorination affording the oxo complex Re(V)OCl3(ClL), 2, which furnishes Re(III)(OPPh3)Cl3(ClL), 3, upon treatment with PPh3. Aromatic amines, ArNH2, convert 2 to the imido complex Re(V)(NAr)Cl3(ClL), 5, and the unusual oxo-imido dimer (ClL)-Cl2(O)Re(V)ORe(V)(NAr)Cl2(ClL), 7. The complex Re(III)(OPPh3)Cl3(HL), 4, has been generated from Re(V)OCl3(PPh3)2 and HL. Reaction of 4 with HL has yielded Re(V)(NPh)Cl3(HL), 6, via azo splitting. The complexes have been characterized with the help spectral, magnetic, and X-ray structural data (2, 3, 5c (Ar = pClC6H4) and 7·CH2Cl2 (Ar = pMeC6H4)). In 2, 3, and 5e the ReCl3 fragment is meridionally disposed, and in 7 the ReCl2 fragments have a trans configuration. The Re-O(oxo) bond, 1.663(6) Å, in 2 and Re-N(imido) bond, 1.719(5) Å, in 5c are triple bonds. The corresponding bonds are slightly longer in 7 wherein the (O)Re(1)-O(2)-Re(2)(NAr) bridge is angular (151.0(5)°) and unsymmetrical, the Re(1)-O(2) bond, 1.849(7) Å, having a large double-bond character (Re(2)-O(2), 1.954(7) Å). In effect, cis-Re(V)O2 acts as a monodentate oxygen ligand toward Re(V)NAr in 7. In all cases the pyridine nitrogen binds trans to the oxo, OPPh3, or NAr donor. Bond length data are consistent with the presence of substantial d(Re)-π*(azo) back-bonding. In acetonitrile solution the complexes display electrochemical one-electron metal (Re(VI)/Re(V) or Re(IV)/Re(III)) and azo redox. The imido ligand in 5 stabilizes the Re(VI) state (E(1/2) ~ 1.4 V) better than the oxo ligand in 2 (~1.9 V). Parallely it is more difficult to reduce the azo group in 5 (~-0.4 V) than in 2 (~0.0 V). In 7 the metal (~1.0 V) and azo (~-0.4 V) couples correspond to the imido and oxo halves, respectively. The significantly higher (by 0.2-0.6 V) metal reduction potentials of the azopyridine compared to pyridine-2-aldimine complexes is ascribed to the superior π-acidity and electron-withdrawing character of the azo function relative to the aldimine function. This also makes the transfer of the Re(V)O oxygen function much more facile under azopyridine chelation as in 2. For the same reason, ReOCl3(PPh3)2 reacts with HL affording only 4 while it reacts with pyridine-2-aldimines furnishing oxo species. Crystal data for the complexes are as follows: 2, empirical formula C11H8Cl4N3ORe, crystal system triclinic, space group P1̄, a = 7.118(4) Å, b = 8.537(4) Å, c = 13.231(9) Å, α = 79.16(5)°, β = 78.03(5)°, γ = 70.96(4)°, V = 737.2(7) Å3, Z = 2; 3, empirical formula C29H23Cl4N3OPRe, crystal system monoclinic, space group P21/n, a = 11.264(2) Å, b = 15.221(3) Å, c = 17.628(4) Å, β = 94.21(3)°, V = 3014(1) Å3, Z = 4; 5c, empirical formula C17H12Cl5N4Re, crystal system triclinic, space group P1̄, a = 9.683(3) Å, b = 10.898(3) Å, c = 11.522(3) Å, α = 63.67(2)°, β = 71.24(2)°, γ = 86.79(2)°, V = 1026(1) Å3, Z = 2; 7·CH2Cl2, empirical formula C30H25Cl8N7O2Re2, crystal system triclinic, space group P1̄, a = 12.522(6) Å, b = 12.857(8) Å, c = 13.182(7) Å, α = 67.75(4)°, β = 88.30(4)°, γ = 82.09(4)°, V = 1945(2) Å3, Z = 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-13
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 10 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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