CHD4/NuRD maintains demethylation state of rDNA promoters through inhibiting the expression of the rDNA methyltransferase recruiter TIP5

Te Ling, Wenbing Xie, Min Luo, Meili Shen, Qiaoyun Zhu, Le Zong, Tingting Zhou, Jun Gu, Zhigang Lu, Feixiong Zhang, Wei Tao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Despite the well-established fact that NuRD (nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase) is incapable of actively demethylating DNA, the complex is surprisingly showed to be required for the establishment of unmethylated state at promoters of ribosomal genes. But the molecular mechanism underlying how NuRD mediates unmethylation at rDNA promoters remains obscure. Here we show that NuRD directly binds to the promoter of rDNA transcription silencer TIP5 (TTF-I interacting protein 5), one of the components of nucleolar remodeling complex NoRC that silences rRNA genes by recruiting DNA methyltransferase to rDNA promoters and increasing DNA methylation. NuRD negatively regulates TIP5 expression, thereby inhibiting rDNA methylation and maintaining demethylation state of rDNA promoters. The deficiency of NuRD components in reprogrammed cells activates TIP5 expression, resulting in the increased fraction of heterochromatic rRNA genes and transcriptional silencing. Thus, NuRD is able to control methylation status of rDNA promoters through crosstalking with NoRC complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 19 2013



  • DNA methylation
  • NoRC
  • Reprogramming
  • TIP5
  • rRNA genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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