Characterizing the interactions between a naturally primed immunoglobulin a and its conserved Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron species-specific epitope in gnotobiotic mice

Daniel A. Peterson, Joseph D. Planer, Janaki L. Guruge, Lai Xue, Whitt Downey-Virgin, Andrew L. Goodman, Henning Seedorf, Jeffrey I. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The adaptive immune response to the human gut microbiota consists of a complex repertoire of antibodies interacting with a broad range of taxa. Fusing intestinal lamina propria lymphocytes from mice monocolonized with Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron to a myeloma fusion partner allowed us to recover hybridomas that captured naturally primed, antigen-specific antibody responses representing multiple isotypes, including IgA. One of these hybridomas, 260.8, produced a monoclonal antibody that recognizes an epitope specific for B. thetaiotaomicron isolates in a large panel of hospital-and community-acquired Bacteroides. Whole genome transposon mutagenesis revealed a 19-gene locus, involved in LPS O-antigen polysaccharide synthesis and conserved among multiple B. thetaiotaomicron isolates, that is required for 260.8 epitope expression. Mutants in this locus exhibited marked fitness defects in vitro during growth in rich medium and in gnotobiotic mice colonized with defined communities of human gut symbionts. Expression of the 260.8 epitope was sustained during 10 months of daily passage in vitro and during 14 months of monocolonization of gnotobiotic wildtype, Rag1-/-, or Myd88-/-mice. Comparison of gnotobiotic Rag1-/-mice with and without subcutaneous 260.8 hybridomas disclosed that this IgA did not affect B. thetaiotaomicron population density or suppress 260.8 epitope production but did affect bacterial gene expression in ways emblematic of a diminished host innate immune response. Our study illustrates an approach for (i) generating diagnostic antibodies, (ii) characterizing IgA responses along a continuum of specificity/degeneracy that defines the IgA repertoire to gut symbionts, and (iii) identifying immunogenic epitopes that affect competitiveness and help maintain host-microbe mutualism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12630-12649
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume290
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2015

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this