Characterizing the dynamic and functional DNA methylation landscape in the developing human cortex

Kira A. Perzel Mandell, Amanda J. Price, Richard Wilton, Leonardo Collado-Torres, Ran Tao, Nicholas J. Eagles, Alexander S. Szalay, Thomas M. Hyde, Daniel R. Weinberger, Joel E. Kleinman, Andrew E. Jaffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

DNA methylation (DNAm) is a key epigenetic regulator of gene expression across development. The developing prenatal brain is a highly dynamic tissue, but our understanding of key drivers of epigenetic variability across development is limited. We, therefore, assessed genomic methylation at over 39 million sites in the prenatal cortex using whole-genome bisulfite sequencing and found loci and regions in which methylation levels are dynamic across development. We saw that DNAm at these loci was associated with nearby gene expression and enriched for enhancer chromatin states in prenatal brain tissue. Additionally, these loci were enriched for genes associated with neuropsychiatric disorders and genes involved with neurogenesis. We also found autosomal differences in DNAm between the sexes during prenatal development, though these have less clear functional consequences. We lastly confirmed that the dynamic methylation at this critical period is specifically CpG methylation, with generally low levels of CpH methylation. Our findings provide detailed insight into prenatal brain development as well as clues to the pathogenesis of psychiatric traits seen later in life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalEpigenetics
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • brain development
  • prenatal development
  • whole-genome bisulfite sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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