Characterizing smoking, cessation services, and quit interest across outpatient substance abuse treatment modalities

Erin A. McClure, Shauna P. Acquavita, Kelly E. Dunn, Kenneth B. Stoller, Maxine L. Stitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The majority of individuals seeking treatment for substance use disorders are cigarette smokers, yet smoking cessation is rarely addressed during treatment. Conducting a detailed smoking-related characterization of substance abuse treatment patients across treatment modalities may facilitate the development of tailored treatment strategies. This study administered a battery of self-report instruments to compare tobacco use, quit attempts, smoking knowledge and attitudes, program services, and interest in quitting among smoking patients enrolled in opioid replacement therapy (ORT) versus non-opioid replacement (non-ORT). ORT compared with non-ORT participants smoked more heavily, had greater tobacco dependence, and endorsed greater exposure to smoking cessation services at their treatment programs. Favorable attitudes towards cessation during treatment were found within both groups. These data identify several potential clinical targets, most notably including confidence in abstaining and attitudes toward cessation pharmacotherapies that may be addressed by substance abuse treatment clinics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-201
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Cessation
  • Knowledge
  • Program services
  • Quit interest
  • S-KAS
  • Smoking
  • Substance abuse treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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