Characterization of viable and nonviable myocardium at MR imaging: Comparison of gadolinium-based extracellular and blood pool contrast materials versus manganese-based contrast materials in a rat myocardial infarction model

Sebastian Flacke, John S. Allen, Jon M. Chia, James H. Wible, M. Peri Periasamy, Max D. Adams, I. Kofi Adzamli, Christine H. Lorenz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the contrast agent behavior of gadolinium-based (extracellular and albumin-binding) and manganese-based contrast media for late-enhancement imaging of myocardial infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coronary ligation was performed in 30 rats, and they were serially imaged with segmented inversion-recovery gradient-echo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (repetition time msec/echo time msec/inversion time msec [fixed], 5.2/2.5/430; flip angle, 15°) during 1 hour after administration of contrast media by using a 1.5-T MR unit. Serial measurements of the longitudinal relaxation were performed by using the Look-Locker approach (repetition time msec/echo time msec, 1,000/3.5; flip angle, 10°). Detection and size of infarction were evaluated at each time point and compared with end-point histologic findings. RESULTS: For all manganese-based media, the contrast agent cleared from the blood pool rapidly. Manganese-based contrast media allowed precise labeling of viable cardiomyocytes within 30 minutes, and the labeling persisted for at least 1 hour. Accumulation of gadoversetamide in the infarct area was apparent after 5 minutes, and the peak contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) between infarct and myocardium was comparable to the peak CNR of manganese-based contrast agents. Extracellular gadopentetate dimeglumine provided excellent infarct detection but a small imaging window for precise sizing of the infarct if a fixed inversion time of 430 msec was used. Albumin-binding gadolinium-based contrast media provided a longer imaging window, but infarct size was overestimated because of the nonspecific distribution of the unbound gadolinium agent. CONCLUSION: When extracellular gadolinium-based agents are used for infarct size measurement, imaging parameters and timing are important because the kinetics of both normal and irreversibly injured myocardium must be considered. Manganese-based agents are highly specific and less sensitive to timing for infarct size determination, but further studies are required to determine if they are feasible for human use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)731-738
Number of pages8
JournalRadiology
Volume226
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Contrast media, comparative studies
  • Contrast media, experimental studies
  • Magnetic resonance (MR), contrast media
  • Manganese
  • Myocardium, infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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