Prostatic small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SC/NE) is well studied in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer; however, it is not well characterized in the primary setting. Herein, we used gene expression profiling of SC/NE prostate cancer (PCa) to develop a 212 gene signature to identify treatment-naïve primary prostatic tumors that are molecularly analogous to SC/NE (SC/NE-like PCa). The 212 gene signature was tested in several cohorts confirming similar molecular profile between prostatic SC/NE and small cell lung carcinoma. The signature was then translated into a genomic score (SCGScore) using modularized logistic regression modeling and validated in four independent cohorts achieving an average AUC >0.95. The signature was evaluated in more than 25,000 primary adenocarcinomas to characterize the biology, prognosis and potential therapeutic response of predicted SC/NE-like tumors. Assessing SCGScore in a prospective cohort of 17,967 RP and 6,697 biopsy treatment-naïve primary tumors from the Decipher Genomic Resource Information Database registry, approximately 1% of the patients were found to have a SC/NE-like transcriptional profile, whereas 0.5 and 3% of GG1 and GG5 patients respectively showed to be SC/NE-like. More than 80% of these patients are genomically high-risk based on Decipher score. Interrogating in vitro drug sensitivity analyses, SC/NE-like prostatic tumors showed higher response to PARP and HDAC inhibitors.
- drug sensitivity
- molecular signature
- neuroendocrine prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research