Characterization of the structural and functional changes in the myocardium following focal ischemia-reperfusion injury

Navdeep Ojha, Sashwati Roy, Jared Radtke, Orlando Simonetti, Surya Gnyawali, Jay L. Zweier, Periannan Kuppusamy, Chandan K. Sen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

High-resolution (11.7 T) cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histological approaches have been employed in tandem to characterize the secondary damage suffered by the murine myocardium following the initial insult caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). I/R-induced changes in the myocardium were examined in five separate groups at the following time points after I/R: 1 h, day 1, day 3, day 7, and day 14. The infarct volume increased from 1 h to day 1 post-I/R. Over time, the loss of myocardial function was observed to be associated with increased infarct volume and worsened regional wall motion. In the infarct region, I/R caused a decrease in end-systolic thickness coupled with small changes in end-diastolic thickness, leading to massive wall thickening abnormalities. In addition, compromised wall thickening was also observed in left ventricular regions adjacent to the infarct region. A tight correlation (r2 = 0.85) between measured MRI and triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) infarct volumes was noted. Our observation that until day 3 post-I/R the infarct size as measured by TTC staining and MRI was much larger than that of the myocyte-silent regions in trichrome- or hematoxylin-eosin-stained sections is consistent with the literature and leads to the conclusion that at such an early phase, the infarct site contains structurally intact myocytes that are functionally compromised. Over time, such affected myocytes were noted to structurally disappear, resulting in consistent infarct sizes obtained from MRI and TTC as well as trichrome and hematoxylin-eosin analyses on day 7 following I/R. Myocardial remodeling following I/R includes secondary myocyte death followed by the loss of cardiac function over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume294
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Redox

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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