Characterization of the novel tumor-suppressor gene CCDC67 in papillary thyroid carcinoma

De Tao Yin, Jianhui Xu, Mengyuan Lei, Hongqiang Li, Yongfei Wang, Zhen Liu, Yubing Zhou, Mingzhao Xing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Some studies showed an association of coiled-coil domain-containing (CCDC) genes with cancers. Our previous limited data specifically suggested a possible pathogenic role of CCDC67 in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), but this has not been firmly established. The present study was to further investigate and establish this role of CCDC67 in PTC. Results: The expression of CCDC67, both at mRNA and protein levels, was sharply down-regulated in PTC compared with normal thyroid tissues. Lower CCDC67 expression was significantly associated with aggressive tumor behaviors, such as advanced tumor stages and lymph node metastasis, as well as BRAF mutation. Introduced expression of CCDC67 in TPC-1 cells robustly inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation and migration, induced G1 phase cell cycle arrest, and increased cell apoptosis. Methods: Primary PTC tumors and matched normal thyroid tissues were obtained from 200 unselected patients at the initial surgery for detection of CCDC67 mRNA and protein by RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses, respectively. Genomic DNA sequencing was performed to detect BRAF mutation in PTC tumors. Clinicopathological data were retrospectively reviewed for correlation analyses. PTC cell line TPC-1 with stable transfection of CCDC67 was used to investigate the functions of CCDC67. Conclusions: This large study demonstrates down-regulation of CCDC67 in PTC, an inverse relationship between CCDC67 expression and PTC aggressiveness and BRAF mutation, and a robust inhibitory effect of CCDC67 on PTC cellular activities. These results are consistent with CCDC67 being a novel and impaired tumor suppressor gene in PTC, providing important prognostic and therapeutic implications for this cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5830-5841
Number of pages12
JournalOncotarget
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • CCDC67
  • Molecular pathogenesis
  • Prognostic marker
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Tumor suppressor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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