Characterization of the natural history of extracellular matrix production in tissue-engineered vascular grafts during neovessel formation

Yuji Naito, Misty Williams-Fritze, Daniel R. Duncan, Spencer N. Church, Narutoshi Hibino, Joseph A. Madri, Jay D. Humphrey, Toshiharu Shinoka, Christopher K. Breuer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a critical determinant of neovessel integrity. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six (polyglycolic acid + polycaprolactone and poly lactic acid) tissue-engineered vascular grafts seeded with syngeneic bone marrow mononuclear cells were implanted as inferior vena cava interposition grafts in C57BL/6 mice. Specimens were characterized using immunohistochemical staining and qPCR for representative ECM components in addition to matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Total collagen, elastin, and glycosaminoglycan (GAG) contents were determined. MMP activity was measured using zymography. Results: Collagen production on histology demonstrated an initial increase in type III at 1 week followed by type I production at 2 weeks and type IV at 4 weeks. Gene expression of both type I and type III peaked at 2 weeks, whereas type IV continued to increase over the 4-week period. Histology demonstrated fibrillin-1 deposition at 1 week followed by elastin production at 4 weeks. Elastin gene expression significantly increased at 4 weeks, whereas fibrillin-1 decreased at 4 weeks. GAG demonstrated abundant production at each time point on histology. Gene expression of decorin significantly increased at 4 weeks, whereas versican decreased over time. Biochemical analysis showed that total collagen production was greatest at 2 weeks, and there was a significant increase in elastin and GAG production at 4 weeks. Histological characterization of MMPs showed abundant production of MMP-2 at each time point, while MMP-9 decreased over the 4-week period. Gene expression of MMP-2 significantly increased at 4 weeks, whereas MMP-9 significantly decreased at 4 weeks. Conclusions: ECM production during neovessel formation is characterized by early ECM deposition followed by extensive remodeling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-72
Number of pages13
JournalCells Tissues Organs
Volume195
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Collagen
  • Elastin
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Tissue engineering
  • Vascular remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of the natural history of extracellular matrix production in tissue-engineered vascular grafts during neovessel formation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Naito, Y., Williams-Fritze, M., Duncan, D. R., Church, S. N., Hibino, N., Madri, J. A., Humphrey, J. D., Shinoka, T., & Breuer, C. K. (2011). Characterization of the natural history of extracellular matrix production in tissue-engineered vascular grafts during neovessel formation. Cells Tissues Organs, 195(1-2), 60-72. https://doi.org/10.1159/000331405