Murine monoclonal antibodies (MAb) are currently being assessed for their utility as tools in cancer management. Anti-murine immunoglobulin responses have been observed in many patients receiving monoclonal antibody treatment. In this study, we evaluated the response of primates to the administration of a mononclonal antibody. MAb B6.2, an antibody generated against a human breast tumor metastasis, was used as a prototype MAb. Baboons were inoculated with MAb B6.2 whole IgG, Fab', or F(ab')2 fragments. Blood samples were drawn at periodic intervals post-inoculation and the sera collected. Anti-murine immunoglobulin responses were detected using a solid-phase radioimmunoassay. The specificity of the antibody response was analyzed to determine if the response was directed against the species of origin of the MAb (species specificity), against the class of the MAb (isotype specificity), or against the hypervariable region of the MAb (idiotype specificity). We found that primates develop a humoral immune response against all three forms of the monoclonal antibody [IgG, Fab', and F(ab')2]. Furthermore, this antibody response demonstrated a high degree of specificity for the antigen binding site suggesting an idiotypic specificity. Using a competitive radioimmunoassay, the antibody response was found to interfere with antigen binding of MAb B6.2. These studies suggest that monoclonal antibody treatment can generate an anti-idiotypic response which may alter the efficacy of this mode of treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cancer Research