Characterization of mutations in the gene doublecortin in patients with double cortex syndrome

Joseph G. Gleeson, Sharon R. Minnerath, Jeremy W. Fox, Kristina M. Allen, Robert F. Luo, Susan E. Hong, Michael J. Berg, Ruben Kuzniecky, Pamela J. Reitnauer, Renato Borgatti, Alberto Puche Mira, Renzo Guerrini, Gregory L. Holmes, Cynthia M. Rooney, Samuel Berkovic, Ingrid Scheffer, Edward C. Cooper, Stefano Ricci, Raffaella Cusmai, Thomas O. CrawfordRobert Leroy, Eva Andermann, James W. Wheless, William B. Dobyns, M. Elizabeth Ross, Christopher A. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mutations in the X-linked gene doublecortin, which encodes a protein with no clear structural homologues, are found in pedigrees in which affected females show 'double cortex' syndrome (DC; also known as subcortical band heterotopia or laminar heterotopia) and affected males show X-linked lissencephaly. Mutations in doublecortin also cause sporadic DC in females. To determine the incidence of doublecortin mutations in DC, we investigated a cohort of eight pedigrees and 47 sporadic patients with DC for mutations in the doublecortin open reading frame as assessed by single-stranded conformational polymorphism analysis. Mutations were identified in each of the eight DC pedigrees (100%), and in 18 of the 47 sporadic DC patients (38%). Identified mutations were of two types, protein truncation mutations and single amino acid substitution mutations. However, pedigrees with DC displayed almost exclusively single amino acid substitution mutations, suggesting that patients with these mutations may have less of a reproductive disadvantage versus those patients with protein truncation mutations. Single amino acid substitution mutations were tightly clustered in two regions of the open reading frame, suggesting that these two regions are critical for the function of the Doublecortin protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-153
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of neurology
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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