MRI is a valuable tool to examine the pathophysiology and natural history of multiple sclerosis (MS), and several large multicenter trials have utilized MRI as a secondary outcome measure. We previously examined the effect of interferon beta-1b on contrast-enhancing lesions on MRI using a baseline versus treatment design, and found that on treatment there is a reduction in mean frequency of enhancing lesions over the group. Using an expanded number of patients and the same trial design, we examined the individual response to treatment more extensively. We find that the effect seen previously is still present, and that there is heterogeneity in the amount of decrease in contrast-enhancing lesions. This expanded number of patients and trial design allows for the discussion of new criteria for individual response to treatment, which are applied in the current trial. These approaches may be useful in the examination, early testing, and comparison of experimental therapeutic agents in MS as well as in the characterization of patients who do or do not have a response seen on MRI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology