Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is an intracellular second messenger, produced upon stimulation of the phosphoinositide system, capable of mobilizing calcium from intracellular stores. We have recently identified high levels of specific binding sites for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate in brain membranes (Worley, P. F., Baraban, J. M., Colvin, J. S., and Snyder, S. H. (1987) Nature 325, 159-161) and have now further characterized these sites. In cerebellar membranes, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate binding sites are abundant (20 pmol/mg protein) and display high affinity and selectivity for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (KD approximately equal to 40 nM), whereas other inositol phosphates such as inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ki approximately equal to 10 microM) and inositol 1,4-bisphosphate (Ki approximately equal to 10 microM) exhibit much lower affinity for this site. Submicromolar concentrations of calcium strongly inhibit inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate binding (IC50 approximately equal to 300 nM). A sharp increase in binding occurs at slightly alkaline pH. These results suggest that actions of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate are regulated by physiological alterations in intracellular pH and calcium concentrations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 5 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology