Characterization of IL-2-induced murine cells which exhibit ADCC activity

Avi Eisenthal, Eitan Shiloni, Steven A. Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The incubation of murine splenocytes in recombinant interleukin 2 (IL-2) gives rise to both lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells capable of lysing fresh tumor cells and cells capable of mediating antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) in the presence of anti-H2 allosera. A similarity between these two IL-2-induced cell populations was found. The precursors of the cells mediating these activities were shown to be ASGM1 positive, Thy 1 negative, and radiosensitive. Cells taken from the spleen, thymus, and bone marrow were able to mediate ADCC after culture in IL-2. The effector cell was either Thy 1 positive or negative and was less affected by anti-Thy 1 plus C′ treatment than cells which mediated LAK activity. In addition ADCC was exhibited in IL-2-cultured splenocytes from various murine strains and correlated with their LAK activity with one exception. While IL-2-cultured C57BL/6 splenocytes exhibited LAK activity similar to that of C3H LAK cells, no ADCC activity could be demonstrated in C57BL/ 6 cells. Study of the difference in the ability of these two strains to mediate ADCC revealed that IL-2 induced FcR+ cells in C3H thymocytes, but not in C57BL/6 thymocytes. Based on FACS analysis and on the radiosensitivity of the induction of both FcR+ cells and ADCC, it was suggested that IL-2 was expanding a small FcR+ cell population rather than inducing an increase in FcR density on the cell surface. The relationship between the IL-2-induced ADCC mediator and other IL-2-induced cells, as well as ADCC effector cells, and the possible implications of the results for the in vivo therapy of cancer based on ADCC are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-272
Number of pages16
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume115
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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