Purpose The use of large-field external beam reirradiation (re-RT) after pelvic radiation therapy (RT) for genitourinary (GU) cancers has not been reported. We report the results of such treatment in patients with either symptomatic GU second malignant neoplasms or locally recurrent pelvic tumors after initial RT for whom surgery or further systemic therapy was not an option. Methods and materials The records of 28 consecutive patients with advanced, bulky GU malignancies treated with high-dose, large-field re-RT with palliative intent between 2008 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Descriptive outcome analyses focused on toxicities and symptom control, and responses were evaluated by 2 independent observers. Results Twenty-seven male patients (96%) were included. Median initial external beam RT dose was 64 Gy (range, 30-75.6 Gy). The median time between initial RT and re-RT was 9.5 years (range, 0.2-32 years). At the time of re-RT, there were 16 local recurrences and 12 second malignant neoplasms together comprising 16 bladder, 10 prostate, 1 ureteral, and 1 penile cancer. Indications for re-RT were pain and bleeding/hemorrhage. The median equivalent sphere diameter planning target volume for re-RT was 8.6 cm (range, 4.7-16.3 cm). Given the severity of the symptoms and the bulk of the disease at the time of re-RT, a higher dose of RT was administered. The median re-RT dose was 50 Gy (range, 27.5-66 Gy). For patients who received <60 Gy, hypofractionation of 250 cGy was used. The median cumulative dose was 113.9 Gy (range, 81.5-132.8 Gy). Re-RT was well tolerated with no Radiation Therapy Oncology Group grade 3-4 toxicities. Twenty-four patients (92%) had complete resolution of symptoms, and relief was durable in 67% of patients. The median overall survival was 5.8 months (range, 0.3-38.9 months). Of those patients who are still alive, 100% remain free of initial symptoms. Conclusion This small series suggests that aggressive re-RT of inoperable and symptomatic GU malignancies that is undertaken with meticulous treatment planning is well tolerated and provides excellent, durable relief without undue short-term toxicity. Validation in a larger prospective cohort is required.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging