The conventional view of denatured proteins as random coils is being challenged by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments that can measure the relative orientation of backbone segments with respect to each other in a distance-independent manner. Known as the residual dipolar coupling (RDC), this NMR parameter is measurable on proteins that have been weakly aligned inside a NMR tube. The simple observation of dipolar couplings unequivocally establishes that a denatured protein is not a random coil. Structures of denatured states under differing experimental conditions can be compared by a simple scatter plot of the RDCs measured under each condition; direct structural interpretation, however, is much more problematic. Here some of the technical issues for achieving weak alignment of denatured proteins are addressed using three types of media: strained polyacrylamide gels, both neutral or highly charged, and neutral lipid liquid crystalline bicelles. All three alignment media are experimentally robust and compatible with 8 M urea and low pH, conditions frequently used to denature proteins.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)|
|State||Published - 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology