Characterization of CTG/CAG repeats on chromosome 18: A study of bipolar disorder

Theresa Swift-Scanlan, Jennifer M. Coughlin, Tsuo Hung Lan, James B. Potash, Roxann G. Ingersoll, Raymond DePaulo, Christopher A. Ross, Melvin G. McInnis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Anticipation has been frequently found in bipolar families ascertained for linkage studies. An association of polymorphic triplet repeats with the bipolar phenotype in some pedigrees has been proposed. We have previously found linkage to chromosome 18 in a set of families with evidence of anticipation. As part of a search for CAG/CTG motifs on chromosome 18, we screened a genomic chromosome 18 cosmid library and identified 65 loci with trinucleotide repeats. Eleven of 33 genotyped loci were polymorphic, though none of these showed any evidence of instability. We performed genetic analysis of six loci in the Hopkins/Dana bipolar pedigrees ascertained for a genetic linkage study of bipolar disorder and found that the CAG repeat within the AD4D2 clone on 18q21.1 showed nominally significant over-transmission of the rare CAG23 allele (P = 0.034). We have characterized all 65 trinucleotide repeats and flanking sequences with GENSCAN analysis and find that 29 were predicted to be in coding regions. These 29 trinucleotide-repeat-containing genes may be involved in functional modulation of their respective proteins, and may be candidates for other diseases or disease mechanisms that map to this region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-99
Number of pages9
JournalPsychiatric genetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2005


  • Bipolar disorder
  • Chromosome 18
  • Complex illness
  • Multifactorial disorder
  • Trinucleotide repeat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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