Characteristics of the free cytosolic calcium timelag following IgE-mediated stimulation of human basophils: Significance for the nonreleasing basophil phenotype

Donald MacGlashan, Sandra Lavens-Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

These studies examine characteristics of the quiescent period (timelag) of the free cytosolic calcium ([Ca++]i) elevation that follows stimulation of human basophils through the IgE receptor. Previous studies established that the [Ca++]i timelag was sensitive to the rate of ligand binding, but little else is known about this response characteristic. The [Ca++]i timelag could be lengthened using antigenic stimulation that is rapid but only weakly induces secretion: tenfold differences in the "strength" of the stimulus, as assessed by histamine release, are associated with threefold differences in the timelag. Inhibiting p53/56lyn kinase with low concentrations of the specific inhibitor, PP1, lengthened the [Ca++]i timelag dramatically. PP1 was also found to delay the onset of syk phosphorylation and histamine release. Staurosporine and genistein, which are known to inhibit early tyrosine kinases, had, at best, only modest effects on the [Ca++]i timelag. Specific inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC) had no effect on the [Ca++]i timelag, and direct activation of PKC with PMA had only very modest effects on the timelag. Contrary to expectations, basophils with the so-called nonreleasing phenotype demonstrated an IgE-mediated [Ca++]i response at the single-cell level. However, the length of [Ca++]i timelag in nonreleasing basophils was threefold longer than normally found in releasing basophils. Furthermore, the [Ca++]i response was significantly more asynchronous than in releasing basophils and lacking in a sustained [Ca++]i elevation. These studies indicate that the [Ca++]i timelag following stimulation through the IgE receptor is sensitive to inhibition of lyn kinase but not other agents that have been demonstrated to inhibit early tyrosine kinases previously. However, only one characteristic of the [Ca++]i response phenotype of nonreleasing basophils - the [Ca++]i timelag but not the absence of a sustained [Ca++]i elevation - could be mimicked by inhibition of lyn kinase with PP1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-232
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume69
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 28 2001

Keywords

  • Histamine release
  • Mediator release
  • Protein kinase C
  • Syk and lyn kinases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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