Characteristics of Nigerian women taking sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine twice during pregnancy for the prevention of malaria

Nkechi G. Onyeneho, Bright C. Orji, Joseph C. Okeibunor, William R. Brieger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the characteristics ofwomen in Nigeriawho are likely to take sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP) as recommended for the prevention of malaria in pregnancy to reduce maternal and child mortality rates. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 1380 women was conducted using a structured questionnaire. The women had given birth within 6 months prior to the survey and were drawn from 6 local government areas in Nigeria. Results: Several demographic factors-older age bracket, ever attended school, currently living with a partner, ever married, and wealth-were significantly associated with compliance. Compliance was higher among respondents who had ever been married than among those who had never been married (χ2 = 6.733; P = 0.006). Compliance was also higher among those in paid employment (χ2 = 17.110; P<0.001) and those in a higher wealth quintile (χ2 = 34.861; P<0.001). Knowledge of malaria, which included prevention of malaria in pregnancy through use of IPTp with 2 doses of SP, showed a positive association with compliance. Compliance with 2 doses of SP among those with good knowledge was higher (63.9%) than among those with poor knowledge (46.9%) (χ2 = 26.981; P<0.001). Conclusion: The present findings could help in targeting health education programs to specific subgroups of women to increase compliance with the recommended 2 doses of SP for the prevention of malaria in pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-104
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume123
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Intermittent preventive treatment
  • Malaria
  • Nigeria
  • Pregnancy
  • Sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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