Characteristics of hospitalists and hospitalist programs in the united states and canada

Christine Soong, Eddy Fan, Eric E Howell, Robert J. Maloney, Peter J. Pronovost, David Wilton, Scott Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To compare hospitalist physician and program characteristics in the United States and Canada. Design: Cross-sectional study using survey instruments. Measurements: Hospitalist characteristics included age, gender, residency training, international medical graduate status, part-time status, salary, and paid time off. Hospitalist program characteristics included age of program, hospital size, clinical and nonclinical services rendered, teaching activities, on-site night coverage of patients, program growth, and utilization of nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and case managers. Results: American hospitalists were predominantly internal medicine-trained (82%), whereas Canadian hospitalists were trained in family medicine (90%;P <0.001). American hospitalist groups were more involved with consultative work (98% vs. 59%; p <0.001), intensive care unit patient care (75% vs. 4%; p <0.001), rapid response team service (35% vs. 16%; p = 0.01), and surgical inpatient comanage- ment (84% vs. 57%; p <0.001). However, American programs provided less pediatric care (12% vs. 31%; p <0.001) and psychiatric inpatient coman- agement (2% vs. 51%; p <0.001) than programs in Canada. On-site evening coverage of inpatients was more prevalent among American versus Canadian hospitalist groups (51% vs. 30%; p = 0.01). Conclusion: American and Canadian hospitalist physician and program characteristics appear to be different. These differences may allow for future studies to identify strategies and best practices for inpatient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Outcomes Management
Volume16
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2009

Fingerprint

Hospitalists
Canada
Inpatients
Health Facility Size
Physicians
Physician Assistants
Nurse Practitioners
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Internship and Residency
Internal Medicine
Practice Guidelines
Intensive Care Units
Psychiatry
Patient Care
Teaching
Cross-Sectional Studies
Medicine
Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Health Policy

Cite this

Characteristics of hospitalists and hospitalist programs in the united states and canada. / Soong, Christine; Fan, Eddy; Howell, Eric E; Maloney, Robert J.; Pronovost, Peter J.; Wilton, David; Wright, Scott.

In: Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management, Vol. 16, No. 2, 02.2009, p. 69-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soong, Christine ; Fan, Eddy ; Howell, Eric E ; Maloney, Robert J. ; Pronovost, Peter J. ; Wilton, David ; Wright, Scott. / Characteristics of hospitalists and hospitalist programs in the united states and canada. In: Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management. 2009 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 69-74.
@article{f49e1fb71c134fc1b2261077a2fac5c3,
title = "Characteristics of hospitalists and hospitalist programs in the united states and canada",
abstract = "Objective: To compare hospitalist physician and program characteristics in the United States and Canada. Design: Cross-sectional study using survey instruments. Measurements: Hospitalist characteristics included age, gender, residency training, international medical graduate status, part-time status, salary, and paid time off. Hospitalist program characteristics included age of program, hospital size, clinical and nonclinical services rendered, teaching activities, on-site night coverage of patients, program growth, and utilization of nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and case managers. Results: American hospitalists were predominantly internal medicine-trained (82{\%}), whereas Canadian hospitalists were trained in family medicine (90{\%};P <0.001). American hospitalist groups were more involved with consultative work (98{\%} vs. 59{\%}; p <0.001), intensive care unit patient care (75{\%} vs. 4{\%}; p <0.001), rapid response team service (35{\%} vs. 16{\%}; p = 0.01), and surgical inpatient comanage- ment (84{\%} vs. 57{\%}; p <0.001). However, American programs provided less pediatric care (12{\%} vs. 31{\%}; p <0.001) and psychiatric inpatient coman- agement (2{\%} vs. 51{\%}; p <0.001) than programs in Canada. On-site evening coverage of inpatients was more prevalent among American versus Canadian hospitalist groups (51{\%} vs. 30{\%}; p = 0.01). Conclusion: American and Canadian hospitalist physician and program characteristics appear to be different. These differences may allow for future studies to identify strategies and best practices for inpatient care.",
author = "Christine Soong and Eddy Fan and Howell, {Eric E} and Maloney, {Robert J.} and Pronovost, {Peter J.} and David Wilton and Scott Wright",
year = "2009",
month = "2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "69--74",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management",
issn = "1079-6533",
publisher = "Turner White Communications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characteristics of hospitalists and hospitalist programs in the united states and canada

AU - Soong, Christine

AU - Fan, Eddy

AU - Howell, Eric E

AU - Maloney, Robert J.

AU - Pronovost, Peter J.

AU - Wilton, David

AU - Wright, Scott

PY - 2009/2

Y1 - 2009/2

N2 - Objective: To compare hospitalist physician and program characteristics in the United States and Canada. Design: Cross-sectional study using survey instruments. Measurements: Hospitalist characteristics included age, gender, residency training, international medical graduate status, part-time status, salary, and paid time off. Hospitalist program characteristics included age of program, hospital size, clinical and nonclinical services rendered, teaching activities, on-site night coverage of patients, program growth, and utilization of nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and case managers. Results: American hospitalists were predominantly internal medicine-trained (82%), whereas Canadian hospitalists were trained in family medicine (90%;P <0.001). American hospitalist groups were more involved with consultative work (98% vs. 59%; p <0.001), intensive care unit patient care (75% vs. 4%; p <0.001), rapid response team service (35% vs. 16%; p = 0.01), and surgical inpatient comanage- ment (84% vs. 57%; p <0.001). However, American programs provided less pediatric care (12% vs. 31%; p <0.001) and psychiatric inpatient coman- agement (2% vs. 51%; p <0.001) than programs in Canada. On-site evening coverage of inpatients was more prevalent among American versus Canadian hospitalist groups (51% vs. 30%; p = 0.01). Conclusion: American and Canadian hospitalist physician and program characteristics appear to be different. These differences may allow for future studies to identify strategies and best practices for inpatient care.

AB - Objective: To compare hospitalist physician and program characteristics in the United States and Canada. Design: Cross-sectional study using survey instruments. Measurements: Hospitalist characteristics included age, gender, residency training, international medical graduate status, part-time status, salary, and paid time off. Hospitalist program characteristics included age of program, hospital size, clinical and nonclinical services rendered, teaching activities, on-site night coverage of patients, program growth, and utilization of nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and case managers. Results: American hospitalists were predominantly internal medicine-trained (82%), whereas Canadian hospitalists were trained in family medicine (90%;P <0.001). American hospitalist groups were more involved with consultative work (98% vs. 59%; p <0.001), intensive care unit patient care (75% vs. 4%; p <0.001), rapid response team service (35% vs. 16%; p = 0.01), and surgical inpatient comanage- ment (84% vs. 57%; p <0.001). However, American programs provided less pediatric care (12% vs. 31%; p <0.001) and psychiatric inpatient coman- agement (2% vs. 51%; p <0.001) than programs in Canada. On-site evening coverage of inpatients was more prevalent among American versus Canadian hospitalist groups (51% vs. 30%; p = 0.01). Conclusion: American and Canadian hospitalist physician and program characteristics appear to be different. These differences may allow for future studies to identify strategies and best practices for inpatient care.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=63449107248&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=63449107248&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:63449107248

VL - 16

SP - 69

EP - 74

JO - Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management

JF - Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management

SN - 1079-6533

IS - 2

ER -