Characteristics of histamine H1-receptors in peripheral tissues labeled with [3H]mepyramine

R. S.L. Chang, V. T. Tran, S. H. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Specific binding of [3H]mepyramine to membranes of various peripheral tissues of different species has been demonstrated. Drug specificity indicates an association with histamine H1-receptors. Of all the tissues examined brain contains the highest numbers of binding sites, while substantial levels of specific [3H]mepyramine binding are also demonstrable in some species in heart, lung, adrenal and ileum. Negligible specific [3H]mepyramine binding is observed in the liver, stomach and uterus of several species. The lesser bronchoconstricting response of the rat than of other species to histamine is paralleled by a lower number of [3H]mepyramine binding sites in rat lung than in other species. However, similar numbers of [3H]mepyramine binding sites occur in ileal membranes of rat, guinea pig and rabbit, although contractile effects of histamine vary in these species. In the guinea-pig ileum, [3H]mepyramine binding is most concentrated in the longitudinal muscle itself where histamine exerts its predominant contractile effects. In the bovine adrenal gland, [3H]mepyramine binding is more abundant and has higher affinity for drugs in the medulla than in the cortex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-442
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume209
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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