Characteristics of healthcare workers with COVID-19: A retrospective descriptive study in a quaternary care center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Hala A. Amer, Hassan A. Abdallah, Haifa S. Alkheledan, Nadeem S. Gul, Juhaina A. Altayieb, Mona Alsalam, Hani Tamim, Saleh A. Alqahtani, Barbara M. Soule, Ziad A. Memish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical presentation of Healthcare Workers (HCWs) affected by COVID-19. Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted at King Saud Medical City (KSMC), Saudi Arabia (KSA). All KSMC employees who acquired COVID-19 between March 22nd to July 15th, 2020 have been included. Their data has been anonymously analyzed. Findings: During the study period, among the 12000 HCWs working at KSMC, 9.75% tested positive for COVID-19. The source of HCWs infections was mainly community acquired (85%) which included incidences of transmission in hospital dormitories. Transmission among coworkers was the main source of hospital acquired incidences. Direct patient care was reported in 99.8% of study subjects among the high-risk areas, compared to 3.4% in low-risk areas (p-value <0.001), 12-h shifts were more common in the medium and high-risk areas, and at least one symptom was reported by 93.1% of HCWs in high-risk areas compared to 81.6% in low-risk areas (p-value <0.001). Conclusion: In KSA, for HCWs, reducing lapses in compliance with masking in non-patient care areas should be considered. In KSA the role that hospital dormitories play in the community transmission of COVID-19 among HCWs need further studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103069
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Volume72
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Healthcare workers
  • Infection control
  • Occupational health
  • Pandemic
  • Saudi Arabia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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