Characteristics of Drivers Involved in Single-Car Accidents: A Comparative Study

Chester W Schmidt, Seymour Perlin, Russell S. Fisher, John W. Shaffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This report describes a methodology for retrospective, in-depth, psychological investigation of driver fatalities. The results suggest that fatally injured drivers of single-car accidents can be differentiated from fatally injured drivers of multiple-car accidents on the basis of life-style and personality characteristics. Similarly, an overlap group of multiple-car and single-car drivers with a history of excessive alcohol usage may be differentiated from all other fatally injured drivers on the same basis. The Katz Adjustment scales significantly differentiated the above groups from a normative population on five of 18 scales. Preventive methods suggested by these results include educational efforts directed toward sensitizing persons in contact with high-risk drivers for the purposes of intervention, and the development of automatic safety equipment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)800-803
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1972

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Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Accidents
Equipment Safety
Personality
Life Style
Alcohols
Psychology
Population
Car
Comparative Study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Characteristics of Drivers Involved in Single-Car Accidents : A Comparative Study. / Schmidt, Chester W; Perlin, Seymour; Fisher, Russell S.; Shaffer, John W.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 27, No. 6, 1972, p. 800-803.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schmidt, Chester W ; Perlin, Seymour ; Fisher, Russell S. ; Shaffer, John W. / Characteristics of Drivers Involved in Single-Car Accidents : A Comparative Study. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 1972 ; Vol. 27, No. 6. pp. 800-803.
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