Characteristics of cardiothoracic surgeons practicing at the top-ranked US institutions

Carlo Maria Rosati, Leonidas G. Koniaris, Daniela Molena, David Blitzer, Katherine W. Su, Mohammad Tahboub, Panos N. Vardas, Leonard N. Girardi, Mario Gaudino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: We aimed to determine which factors distinguish cardiothoracic (CT) surgeons practicing at the top-ranked US institutions from their peers. Methods: Using online resources, we collected demographics, training information and academic metrics of 694 cardiac (n=489; 70%) and thoracic (n=205; 30%) surgeons practicing at 57 preeminent US institutions, including those with the highest US News & World Report ranking ("top CT centers"). Results: Two hundred and ninety-nine (43.1%) CT surgeons were practicing at the 18 "top CT centers" and had higher academic productivity (publications, citations) than their peers. While there was no difference in the proportion of international medical graduates (IMGs) (21.4% overall) or of surgeons with a PhD degree (9.4% overall) across institutions, the "top CT centers" had a higher proportion of faculty who received their entire CT training abroad (10.4% vs. 5.8%; P=0.038) or at highly-ranked US institutions. Those who published more during their early career years (residency, fellowship and first 5 years as faculty) were more likely to attain academic (professorship) and institutional leadership (division/department chair) positions and to practice at the "top CT centers". Women represented a minority (7.3% overall; 5.1% of cardiac vs. 12.7% of thoracic surgeons, P<0.001), but with growing prevalence among younger faculty and without differences across institutions. Conclusions: CT surgeons of the best US centers have a more international background and received their training at highly-ranked institutions. Early academic productivity is associated with life-long career achievements, with special importance of the first 5 years as faculty. Women represent a growing proportion of the CT surgical workforce.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3232-3244
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Academic productivity
  • Gender disparities
  • International medical graduates (IMGs)
  • Surgical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Characteristics of cardiothoracic surgeons practicing at the top-ranked US institutions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this