Characteristics and Outcomes of Open Globe Trauma in the Urban versus Rural Population: A Single Center Retrospective Review

Roxana Fu, Swarupa Kancherla, Andrew W. Eller, Jenny Y. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the characteristics and outcomes of open globe injuries sustained by the urban population compared to the rural population. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of 429 patients presenting to University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Presbyterian Hospital with traumatic open globes from July 2005 to July 2013. Results: Rural patients had a longer time which elapsed from injury to presentation (P = 0.023, average 12.04 hours vs 7.53 hours). There was a higher incidence of patient transfer prior to arrival to UPMC Presbyterian Hospital (P = 0.018), patient follow-up elsewhere (P = 0.049), and patients sustaining intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs) (P = 0.009). Conclusions: Health care access is a well-known problem in rural areas and using rural-urban commuting area (RUCA) codes can help identify a population for risk factors or potential disparities in care. Rural patients sustained a higher rate of IOFBs; this should heighten the clinicians’ suspicion during the evaluation of an open globe in other rural populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in Ophthalmology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jul 4 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ocular trauma
  • open globe
  • rural health
  • rural-urban commuting area (RUCA)
  • urban health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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