Characteristics and correlates of asthma knowledge among emergency department users in harlem

I. H. Meyer, P. Sternfels, J. K. Fagan, L. Copeland, J. G. Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We constructed a questionnaire to assess asthma knowledge, assessed its psychometric properties, and examined its association with demographic characteristics, psychosocial factors, and disease severity and management in 375 adults following an asthma-related emergency department visit. Overall knowledge was poor but varied widely among respondents. Better knowledge was related to younger age, higher education, and less severe disease. Chance-orientated health locus of control and low self-esteem were associated with lower asthma knowledge. Better knowledge was associated with better disease management. We conclude that asthma education can lead to improved disease outcomes, and psychosocial factors need to be considered when designing interventions for asthma education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-539
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 2001

Keywords

  • African American
  • Asthma
  • Education
  • Emergency department
  • Knowledge
  • Management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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