Characterisation of anaemia and associated factors among infants and pre-schoolers from rural India

Krishnapillai Madhavan Nair, Sylvia Fernandez-Rao, Balakrishna Nagalla, Radhakrishna Vijaya Kankipati, Ravinder Punjal, Little Flower Augustine, Kristen Marie Hurley, Nicholas Tilton, Kimberly B. Harding, Greg Reinhart, Maureen M. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective In India, national databases indicate anaemia prevalence of 80 % among 6-35-month-old children and 58 % among 36-59-month-old children. The present study aimed to characterise anaemia and the associated factors among infants and pre-schoolers living in rural India. Design Multivariate logistic regression analysis of data collected prior to an intervention trial. Fe-deficiency with anaemia (IDA), Fe deficiency with no anaemia (IDNA) and anaemia without Fe deficiency were defined. Serum ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and sTfR/log ferritin index were used to indicate Fe status. Setting Twenty-six villages of Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. Data were collected in community sites. Participants Four hundred and seventy-six infants (aged 6-12 months), 316 pre-schoolers (aged 29-56 months) and their mothers. Results Prevalence of anaemia among infants and pre-schoolers was 66·4 and 47·8 %, prevalence of IDA was 52·2 and 42·1 %, prevalence of IDNA was 22·2 and 29·8 %, prevalence of anaemia without Fe deficiency was 14·2 and 5·7 %. Among infants, anaemia was positively associated with maternal anaemia (OR=3·31; 95 % CI 2·10, 5·23; P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)861-871
Number of pages11
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2015

Fingerprint

Anemia
India
Transferrin Receptors
Ferritins
Mothers
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Databases
Serum

Keywords

  • Anaemia
  • India
  • Infants
  • Pre-schoolers
  • Risk factors
  • sTfR/log ferritin index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Nair, K. M., Fernandez-Rao, S., Nagalla, B., Kankipati, R. V., Punjal, R., Augustine, L. F., ... Black, M. M. (2015). Characterisation of anaemia and associated factors among infants and pre-schoolers from rural India. Public Health Nutrition, 19(5), 861-871. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015002050

Characterisation of anaemia and associated factors among infants and pre-schoolers from rural India. / Nair, Krishnapillai Madhavan; Fernandez-Rao, Sylvia; Nagalla, Balakrishna; Kankipati, Radhakrishna Vijaya; Punjal, Ravinder; Augustine, Little Flower; Hurley, Kristen Marie; Tilton, Nicholas; Harding, Kimberly B.; Reinhart, Greg; Black, Maureen M.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 19, No. 5, 21.04.2015, p. 861-871.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nair, KM, Fernandez-Rao, S, Nagalla, B, Kankipati, RV, Punjal, R, Augustine, LF, Hurley, KM, Tilton, N, Harding, KB, Reinhart, G & Black, MM 2015, 'Characterisation of anaemia and associated factors among infants and pre-schoolers from rural India', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 861-871. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015002050
Nair KM, Fernandez-Rao S, Nagalla B, Kankipati RV, Punjal R, Augustine LF et al. Characterisation of anaemia and associated factors among infants and pre-schoolers from rural India. Public Health Nutrition. 2015 Apr 21;19(5):861-871. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015002050
Nair, Krishnapillai Madhavan ; Fernandez-Rao, Sylvia ; Nagalla, Balakrishna ; Kankipati, Radhakrishna Vijaya ; Punjal, Ravinder ; Augustine, Little Flower ; Hurley, Kristen Marie ; Tilton, Nicholas ; Harding, Kimberly B. ; Reinhart, Greg ; Black, Maureen M. / Characterisation of anaemia and associated factors among infants and pre-schoolers from rural India. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2015 ; Vol. 19, No. 5. pp. 861-871.
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abstract = "Objective In India, national databases indicate anaemia prevalence of 80 {\%} among 6-35-month-old children and 58 {\%} among 36-59-month-old children. The present study aimed to characterise anaemia and the associated factors among infants and pre-schoolers living in rural India. Design Multivariate logistic regression analysis of data collected prior to an intervention trial. Fe-deficiency with anaemia (IDA), Fe deficiency with no anaemia (IDNA) and anaemia without Fe deficiency were defined. Serum ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and sTfR/log ferritin index were used to indicate Fe status. Setting Twenty-six villages of Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. Data were collected in community sites. Participants Four hundred and seventy-six infants (aged 6-12 months), 316 pre-schoolers (aged 29-56 months) and their mothers. Results Prevalence of anaemia among infants and pre-schoolers was 66·4 and 47·8 {\%}, prevalence of IDA was 52·2 and 42·1 {\%}, prevalence of IDNA was 22·2 and 29·8 {\%}, prevalence of anaemia without Fe deficiency was 14·2 and 5·7 {\%}. Among infants, anaemia was positively associated with maternal anaemia (OR=3·31; 95 {\%} CI 2·10, 5·23; P",
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AU - Punjal, Ravinder

AU - Augustine, Little Flower

AU - Hurley, Kristen Marie

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N2 - Objective In India, national databases indicate anaemia prevalence of 80 % among 6-35-month-old children and 58 % among 36-59-month-old children. The present study aimed to characterise anaemia and the associated factors among infants and pre-schoolers living in rural India. Design Multivariate logistic regression analysis of data collected prior to an intervention trial. Fe-deficiency with anaemia (IDA), Fe deficiency with no anaemia (IDNA) and anaemia without Fe deficiency were defined. Serum ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and sTfR/log ferritin index were used to indicate Fe status. Setting Twenty-six villages of Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. Data were collected in community sites. Participants Four hundred and seventy-six infants (aged 6-12 months), 316 pre-schoolers (aged 29-56 months) and their mothers. Results Prevalence of anaemia among infants and pre-schoolers was 66·4 and 47·8 %, prevalence of IDA was 52·2 and 42·1 %, prevalence of IDNA was 22·2 and 29·8 %, prevalence of anaemia without Fe deficiency was 14·2 and 5·7 %. Among infants, anaemia was positively associated with maternal anaemia (OR=3·31; 95 % CI 2·10, 5·23; P

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