Character

Maria W. Merritt, John M. Doris, Gilbert Harman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Moral psychology is central to modern virtue ethics, whose proponents have claimed greater psychological realism as a theoretical advantage. Yet much empirical research in personality and social psychology appears to unsettle familiar notions of character, prompting critics to advance skeptical views of character as portrayed in philosophical virtue ethics. In response, some defenders of virtue ethics have acknowledged the importance of incorporating the empirical literature into philosophical conceptions of character. This chapter moves the discussion forward by exploring avenues available to, and difficulties faced by, an empirically sensitive psychology of character. It considers virtue-ethical ideals of practical rationality, as well as certain basic moral norms, in light of the picture of human cognition now emerging in the cognitive sciences. The chapter interprets some of the classic psychological experiments as evidence that morally consequential behavior is pervasively influenced by cognitive processes resistant to intentional direction and at best insensitive to personal, reflectively endorsed moral norms, if not contrary to them. Lastly, on the basis of this understanding, the chapter surveys the prospects for using empirical findings to seek remedies for such adverse influences on moral thinking and behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Moral Psychology Handbook
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191594496
ISBN (Print)9780199582143
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Automaticity
  • Bystander intervention
  • Character traits
  • Good samaritan study
  • Milgram obedience studies
  • Situationist experiments
  • Social psychology
  • Virtue
  • Virtue ethics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

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  • Cite this

    Merritt, M. W., Doris, J. M., & Harman, G. (2010). Character. In The Moral Psychology Handbook Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0012