Measles produces immune suppression which contributes to an increased susceptibility to other infections. Recently, high titered measles vaccines have been linked to increased long-term mortality among some female recipients. Because the mechanisms by which wild-type or attenuated live-vaccine strains of measles virus alter subsequent immune responses are not fully understood, this prompted an examination of the changes within the peripheral blood T cell receptor V(β) repertoire following measles immunization. Twenty-four 6- and 9-month-old infants were studied at 2 weeks and 3 months following immunization by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. There was a significant increase in V(β)2 expression P < 0.05), and a decrease in the V(β)4 subset (P < 0.03) 2 weeks following vaccination with subsequent return to baselines at 3 months in vaccine recipients who seroconverted. These data suggest that measles virus may affect immune responses in part by altering the T cell receptor repertoire.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine