Changes in upper airway resistance during progressive normocapnic hypoxia in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome

MALGORZATA TAFIL‐KLAWE, J. J. KLAWE, L. GROTE, H. SCHNEIDER, J. H. PETER, M. ŚMIETANOWSKI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

SUMMARY  The responses of the upper airway to progressive normocapnic hypoxia were studied in 6 healthy men and in 6 patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). The upper airway resistance was calculated by the ratio of the laryngeal pressure (measured using a catheter introduced into oesophagus) to the inspiratory flow. Additionally, genioglossal EMG activity (GG‐EMG) was measured and analysed. The changes of all variables were analysed individually for each subject. The OSAS patients showed reduced ventilatory response, GG‐reactivity and changes in upper airway resistance during progressive hypoxia. It is concluded that impaired reactivity to hypoxic activation (probably due to the process of adaptation of carotid chemoreceptors to nocturnal hypoxia), might reduce the defence abilities of OSAS patients against episodes of obturation in upper airway and obstructive apnoea events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-213
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Sleep Research
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1995

Keywords

  • genioglossal muscle activity
  • obstructive sleep apnoea
  • upper airway resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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