Aims: The time course of changes in pulmonary artery (PA) pressure due to left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) is not well understood. Here, we describe longitudinal haemodynamic trends during the peri-LVAD implantation period in patients previously implanted with a remote monitoring PA pressure sensor. Methods and results: We retrospectively studied PA pressure trends in patients implanted with CardioMEMS™ PA pressure sensor between October 2007 and March 2017 who subsequently had an LVAD procedure. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation, and P-values are calculated using standard t-test with equal variance. Among 436 patients in cohort, 108 (age 58 ± 11 years, 82% male) received an LVAD and 328 (age 60 ± 13 years, 70% male) did not. The mean PA pressure at sensor implant was higher by 29% (P < 0.001) among patients who later received LVAD. Mean PA pressure 6 months prior to LVAD implant was 35.5 ± 8.5 mmHg, increasing to 39.4 ± 9.9 mmHg (P = 0.04) at 4 weeks before LVAD, and then decreasing 27% to 28.8 ± 8.4 mmHg (P < 0.001) at 3 months post-implant and stabilizing at 31.0 ± 9.4 mmHg at 1 year. Conclusions: Patients who later receive LVADs have higher PA pressures at sensor implant and show a further increase leading up to LVAD implantation. There is a significant reduction of PA pressures post-LVAD implantation that persists long term. PA pressure monitoring may aid in the clinical decision making of timing for LVAD implantation and in management of LVAD patients.
- Implantable haemodynamic monitoring
- Left ventricular assist device
- Pulmonary artery pressure monitoring
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine