Changes in diffusion tensor imaging indices of the lumbosacral enlargement correlate with cervical spinal cord changes and clinical assessment in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy

Libin Cui, Chao Kong, Xueming Chen, Yadong Liu, Yanjun Zhang, Yun Guan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: We examined whether changes in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) indices of the lumbosacral enlargement are similar to those at the cervical level, and correlate with clinical assessments in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Patients and methods: Patients with CSM and healthy volunteers (40–42/group) received DTI scans at both lumbosacral enlargement and cervical spinal cord. Modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (mJOA) score was also recorded for those with CSM. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) values of DTI in the two groups were compared. We also examined the correlation between DTI indices (ADC and FA) of the lumbosacral enlargement and those of the cervical spinal cord, and between DTI indices and mJOA in the CSM group. Results: Compared with the values of healthy subjects, the ADC values of patients with CSM were significantly increased, and FA values were significantly decreased at both cervical spinal cord and lumbosacral enlargement. Changes in FA value of the cervical cord showed a positive correlation to those of the lumbosacral enlargement in the CSM group. Importantly, a linear correlation was detected between mJOA score and DTI indices (ADC and FA) of the cervical cord, as well as FA value of the lumbosacral enlargement in the CSM group. Conclusion: DTI indices, especially FA, of the lumbosacral enlargement correlate with clinical assessments of patients with CSM, and hence may be useful for evaluating the severity of cervical cord injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105282
JournalClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Volume186
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Cervical spondylotic myelopathy
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Human
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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