Change in function and spectacle-use 2 months after providing presbyopic spectacles in rural Tanzania

Ilesh Patel, Beatriz Munoz, Harran Mkocha, Alison W. Schwarzwalder, Wilson Mchiwa, Sheila K West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: To examine near vision spectacle retention and use, and changes in self-reported and performance-based near vision, 2 months after the provision of near vision spectacles. Methods: We conducted a 2-month follow-up of a population-based cohort of persons in rural Tanzania with near vision impairment who had received spectacles. Previously, residents age ≥40 years were examined for distance and near vision acuity. Those with presbyopia and hyperopia ('functional presbyopia') were given near vision spectacles. At baseline, subjects were asked to thread a needle; they were also asked questions on the perception of their near vision, ability to be independent and general health. At 2 months, subjects were again queried. Questions on the perceived affordability of replacement spectacles were also asked. Results: Of the 866 people provided with spectacles, 89% were seen at 2 months. Ninety-two per cent were still using the spectacles. Users were more likely to have any education (51.8%) than non-users (28.3%) (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-689
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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