CEST MRI of 3-O-methyl-D-glucose uptake and accumulation in brain tumors

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Purpose: 3-O-Methyl-D-glucose (3-OMG) is a nonmetabolizable structural analog of glucose that offers potential to be used as a CEST-contrast agent for tumor detection. Here, we explore it for CEST-detection of malignant brain tumors and compare it with D-glucose. Methods: Glioma xenografts of a U87-MG cell line were implanted in five mice. Dynamic 3-OMG weighted images were collected using CEST-MRI at 11.7 T at a single offset of 1.2 ppm, showing the effect of accumulation of the contrast agent in the tumor, following an intravenous injection of 3-OMG (3 g/kg). Results: Tumor regions showed higher enhancement as compared to contralateral brain. The CEST contrast enhancement in the tumor region ranged from 2.5-5.0%, while it was 1.5-3.5% in contralateral brain. Previous D-glucose studies of the same tumor model showed an enhancement of 1.5-3.0% and 0.5-1.5% in tumor and contralateral brain, respectively. The signal gradually stabilized to a value that persisted for the length of the scan. Conclusions: 3-OMG shows a CEST contrast enhancement that is approximately twice as much as that of D-glucose for a similar tumor line. In view of its suggested low toxicity and transport properties across the BBB, 3-OMG provides an option to be used as a nonmetallic contrast agent for evaluating brain tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1993-2000
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2019


  • 3-O-methyl glucose
  • CEST imaging
  • brain tumor
  • contrast enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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