Cervical dysplasia on cervicovaginal papanicolaou smear among HIV-1- infected pregnant and nonpregnant women

Pamela Stratton, Prabodh Gupta, Katherine Riester, Harold Fox, Carmen Zorrilla, Ruth Tuomala, Nancy Eriksen, Mark Vajaranant, Howard Minkoff, Mary Glenn Fowler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess the association of squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) on cervicovaginal Papanicolaou (Pap) smear among women infected with HIV-1 and their pregnancy status, and historical and clinical factors. Methods: Study enrollment Pap smears of 452 pregnant and 126 nonpregnant HIV- infected women had cytologic evaluation. The rates of SIL were compared with pregnancy status, immunosuppression, presence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and demographic features. Results: Rates of low grade SIL were similar for pregnant and nonpregnant HIV-1-infected women (17% and 23.8%, respectively; p = .09). Of them, 12 women, 9 pregnant and 3 nonpregnant, had high grade SIL. None had invasive cervical cancer. Low CD4 percentage (odds ratio, [OR] = 3.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.0-7.3) and inflammation (OR = 2.8; 95% CI, 1.8-4.3) were associated with SIL. An association between herpes simplex and SIL (OR = 3.3; 95% CI, 1.1-9.5) was less certain due to clinical diagnosis and low prevalence of herpes simplex (17 of 456 women). Conclusions: Pap smears for a cohort of HIV-infected pregnant and nonpregnant women revealed a high prevalence of LGSIL but a low prevalence of HGSIL and no cases of cervical cancer. Although pregnancy may not affect the rate of Pap smear abnormalities, SIL is associated with immunosuppression, cervical inflammation, and herpes simplex. Closer surveillance of HIV-1-infected women with these risk factors may be warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-307
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • HIV-infected women
  • Papanicolaou smear
  • Pregnancy
  • Squamous intraepithelial lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Virology


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