Cervical cancer prevention: safety, acceptability, and feasibility of a single-visit approach in Accra, Ghana

Paul D. Blumenthal, Lynne Gaffikin, Sylvia Deganus, Robbyn Lewis, Mark Emerson, Sydney Adadevoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and acceptability of a single-visit approach to cervical cancer prevention combining visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid wash (VIA) and cryotherapy. Study Design: The study was observational. Nine clinicians were trained in VIA and cryotherapy. Over 18 months 3665 women were VIA-tested. If positive and eligible, cryotherapy was offered immediately. Treated women were followed-up at 3 months and 1 year. Results: The test-positive rate was 13.2%. Of those eligible, 70.2% and 21% received immediate or delayed treatment, respectively. No major complications were recorded, and 5.6% presented for a perceived problem post-cryotherapy. Among those treated over 90% expressed satisfaction with their experience, and 96% had an indentifiable squamo-columnar junction. Only 2.6% (6/232) were test positive, 1-year posttreatment. Conclusion: A single-visit approach using VIA and cryotherapy proved to be safe, acceptable, and feasible in an urban African setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407.e1-407.e9
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume196
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007

Keywords

  • cervical cancer prevention
  • cervical cancer screening
  • cryotherapy
  • visual inspection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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