Cerebral [15O] water clearance in humans determined by positron emission tomography: II. Vascular responses to vibrotactile stimulation

Hitoshi Fujita, Ernst Meyer, David C. Reutens, Hiroto Kuwabara, Alan C. Evans, Albert Gjedde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

When used to measure blood flow, Wilier leaves a residue in the vascular bed, which may contribute to the calculation of increased blood flow during functional activation of brain tissue. To assess the magnitude of this contribution with the two-compartment positron emission tomography (PET) method, we mapped the water clearance (K1) of the brain as an index of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and the apparent vascular distribution of nonextracted H215O (V(o)). The latter map represented mainly the cerebral arterial and arteriolar volume. We also prepared subtraction maps (ΔK1, ΔV(o)) of the response to vibrotactile stimulation of the fingertips of the right hand of six normal volunteers. Using magnetic resonance (MR) images of all subjects, the data were rendered into Talairach's stereotaxic coordinates and the averaged subtraction images (activation minus baseline) merged with the corresponding averaged MRI image. The ΔK1 map revealed the expected response in the primary sensory hand area; the ΔV(o) response was located about 13 mm more anteriorly, close to the central fissure, most likely reflecting changes of the arteries feeding the primary sensory hand area. We conclude that cerebral perfusion and cerebrovascular responses to vibrotactile stimulation may occur in disparate locations that can be identified separately by using the two-compartment method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1997

Keywords

  • Activation study
  • CBF
  • K
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Vascular volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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