Cerebral microvascular responses to endothelins: the role of ETA receptors

Oren Sagher, Yongcheng Jin, Quoc Anh Thai, Andrea Fergus, Neal F. Kassell, Kevin S. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The regulatory role of endothelins in cerebral microvessels was investigated in a recently developed model system which allows the study of small cerebral vessels in their normal microenvironment. Using brain slices of the rat neocortex, it was shown that the isopeptide endothelin-3 (ET-3) had no effect on cerebral microvessels, while the isopeptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) produced a potent, dose-dependent vasoconstriction. When a recently developed antagonist of ETA receptors (cyclo-[D-Asp-L-Pro-D-Val-L-Leu-D-Trp]; ETant) was administered prior to treatment with ET-1, the vasoconstrictor response to ET-1 was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. When ETant was administered after the establishment of a constriction by ET-1, the constrictor response to ET-1 was partially reversed, and this effect was weaker than that seen in the pre-treatment paradigm. These findings indicate that constrictor responses to ET-1 in cerebral microvessels are mediated by ETA receptors. Inasmuch as endothelins have been implicated in pathological forms of vasoconstriction in the CNS, the present findings also suggest that endothelin antagonists may be useful in the treatment of cerebral ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-184
Number of pages6
JournalBrain research
Volume658
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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Keywords

  • Cerebral microvessel
  • Endothelin
  • Endothelin receptor
  • Endothelin-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Sagher, O., Jin, Y., Thai, Q. A., Fergus, A., Kassell, N. F., & Lee, K. S. (1994). Cerebral microvascular responses to endothelins: the role of ETA receptors. Brain research, 658(1-2), 179-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-8993(09)90024-5