The cerebellum is a key-actor in motor control. Attempting to extract the motor codes underlying the organization of movement and the rules of signal processing applied by the cerebellar modules has been and remains a major goal for many researchers worldwide. There is an impressive body of evidence showing that the cerebellar pathways influence basic aspects of movement control including: anticipation, timing of motor commands, sensorimotor synchronization, sensorimotor associations and tuning of the magnitudes of muscle activities. The cerebellum contains more neurons than any other part of the brain and is considered as an extremely powerful machine for deciphering information. In this issue, we have gathered scientists working on the field of motor control to provide an overview of recent advances in our understanding of the contribution of this remarkable circuitry in the elaboration and shaping of motor commands.
- Internal model
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