Cerebellar Hypoplasia and Dysmorphia in Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Sandra P. Toelle, Andrea Poretti, Peter Weber, Tatjana Seute, Jacoline E.C. Bromberg, Ianina Scheer, Eugen Boltshauser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Unidentified bright objects (UBO) and tumors are well-known cerebellar abnormalities in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Literature reports on malformative cerebellar anomalies in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), however, are scant. We retrospectively studied the clinical and neuroimaging findings of 5 patients with NF1 (4 females, age 6 to 29 years at last follow-up) and cerebellar anomalies. Cerebellar symptoms on neurological examination were mild or even not evident whereas learning disabilities were more or less pronounced in four patients. Two patients had cerebellar hypoplasia (diffusely enlarged cerebellar interfoliar spaces) and three cerebellar dysmorphias involving mainly one cerebellar hemisphere. In NF1, malformative cerebellar anomalies are rare (estimated prevalence of about 1 %), but most likely underestimated and easily overlooked, because physicians tend to focus on more prevalent, obvious, and well-known findings such as optic pathway gliomas, other tumors, and UBO. This kind of cerebellar anomaly in NF1 has most likely a malformative origin, but the exact pathogenesis is unknown. The individual clinical significance is difficult to determine. We suggest that cerebellar anomalies should be systematically evaluated in neuroimaging studies of NF1 patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-649
Number of pages8
JournalCerebellum
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cerebellar dysmorphia
  • Cerebellar hypoplasia
  • Cerebellum
  • Neurofibromatosis type 1
  • Neuroimaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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