Cerebellar atrophy, consequent to the postdevelopmental degeneration and loss of Purkinje cells and granular neurons, has been identified in three patients with rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata (RCDP). Cerebellar atrophy in our two chronic patients was symmetrical, but the vermis and medial portions of both hemispheres, particularly the dorsal lobules, displayed more severe atrophy than the lateral hemispheres. The distal tips of folia showed the greatest neuronal loss. Residual Purkinje cells showed progressive degenerative changes that appeared to be due, in part, to their topography. The precise mode of death of Purkinje cells in RCDP has not been established, but it does not appear to be mediated by entrance into the cell cycle or by ubiquitination; however, alterations in intracellular calcium levels and mitochondria may be involved. Elevated serum/CSF phytanic acid, decreased levels of tissue plasmalogens and increased chronological age are believed to play synergistic pathogenetic roles in this lesion.
- Phytanic acid
- Purkinje cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience