Cercariometry in the study of Schistosoma mansoni transmission in Egypt.

F. Yousif, M. Roushdy, A. Ibrahim, K. el Hommossany, C. Shiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The recovery of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae was studied in experimental ditches and natural irrigation canals using a continuous operating centrifuge and a water suction sampling technique. Recovery of cercariae from static water in the ditches where caged infected Biomphalaria alexandrina snails were placed showed that cercariae recovered were more with increase of infected snails and decrease of water volume and were most abundant in the proximity of the snails which produced them. Shade or heavy vegetation cover reduced the recovery of cercariae. Results suggest also strong seasonal differences in diurnal patterns of cercarial recovery. An early morning peak with large number of cercariae occurred during hot weather while in cooler seasons cercariae appear in fewer numbers but persist for most of the day. Obtained information, beside contributing to knowledge of cercarial behaviour, should help to optimize taking water sample and consequently to increase efficiency of cercariometry techniques. In the natural irrigation system, cercariometry was significantly more sensitive in detecting transmission foci than snail sampling by a dip net.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-365
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
Volume26
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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