Central hypothyroidism is associated with advanced age in male fischer 344/N rats: In vivo and in vitro studies

Giovanni Cizza, Linda S. Brady, Aldo E. Calogeroj, Gyorgy Bagdy, Allyson B. Lynn, Mitchel A. Kling, Marc R. Blackman, George P. Chrousos, Philip W. Gold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated age-related alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid function in a series of in vivo and in vitro studies in 2-, 8-, 18-, and 24-month-old male Fischer 344/N (F344/N) rats. Thyroid histology showed progressive follicular loss with advancing age; this was associated with significant and progressive decrements in plasma levels of free T4 and free T3, but not immunoreactive TSH, which remained unchanged with age. This was accompanied by a progressive age-dependent loss in in vivo responsivity of the thyrotroph to synthetic TRH and a paradoxically augmented response of GH to this peptide in the oldest rats. Steady state levels of prepro-TRH mRNA in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus were decreased with age, whereas TRH content in and in vitro secretion by whole hypothalami remained unchanged. Both anterior pituitary steady state TSH β-subunit mRNA levels and TSH content were decreased with age. Taken together, these data suggest that aging in male F344/N rats is associated with a progressive, centrally mediated decrease in thyroid function. The relative contributions to this phenomenon of age-related alterations in suprahypothalamic and/or hypothalamic vs. pituitary thyrotropic function remain to be determined, as do the relationships between changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid function and those in aging per se.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2672-2680
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrinology
Volume131
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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    Cizza, G., Brady, L. S., Calogeroj, A. E., Bagdy, G., Lynn, A. B., Kling, M. A., Blackman, M. R., Chrousos, G. P., & Gold, P. W. (1992). Central hypothyroidism is associated with advanced age in male fischer 344/N rats: In vivo and in vitro studies. Endocrinology, 131(6), 2672-2680. https://doi.org/10.1210/endo.131.6.1446609