Central cord syndrome after total hip arthroplasty: a patient report.

Jacob M. Buchowski, Khaled M. Kebaish, Kyung Soo Suk, John P. Kostuik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To present a patient with central cord syndrome injury after total hip arthroplasty performed under general endotracheal anesthesia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Central cord syndrome, a common injury usually sustained as a result of an extension injury to the cervical spine, often occurs in geriatric patients with underlying spondylotic changes. The injury results in weakness and sensory changes, which are more pronounced in the upper than in the lower extremities. Patients with this syndrome experience variable return of function, but some degree of residual deficit and spasticity is likely. METHODS: The medical record, including the intraoperative anesthesia records, operative notes, progress notes, discharge summary, clinic notes, and radiology studies and reports, was reviewed. RESULTS: The patient developed signs of central cord syndrome after total hip arthroplasty. Despite nonoperative intervention, including physiotherapy, the patient's upper and lower extremity weakness continued. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed evidence of cervical cord compression, and the patient underwent a cervical laminectomy, which produced mild improvement in his symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: To avoid life-altering complications, it is important to evaluate the cervical spine (especially in the elderly), avoid neck extension during intubation, and use careful airway management in patients with suspected stenosis/spondylosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E103-105
JournalSpine
Volume30
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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  • Cite this

    Buchowski, J. M., Kebaish, K. M., Suk, K. S., & Kostuik, J. P. (2005). Central cord syndrome after total hip arthroplasty: a patient report. Spine, 30(4), E103-105.