Central Africa

Gerd D. Burchard, Stephan Ehrhardt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The pattern of infectious diseases in Central Africa is determined by geoclimatic conditions and socioeconomic factors. The climate in most parts is tropical hot and humid. The region is dominated by the Congo River and its tributaries; the area is covered mostly by savannah or tropical rain forest. Health care systems in some parts of Central Africa are disrupted. There are many diseases on which no data on prevalence and incidence are available. Prevalence data on these diseases can only be derived from single case reports or by analogy with other areas in Africa. Sao Tomé and Principe is an island nation in the Gulf of Guinea with a different disease spectrum, however tropical disease like malaria, dengue, schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis by Wuchereria bancrofti, geohelminth infections do occur. No human cases of yellow fever have been reported. Ciguatera fish poisoning is endemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInfectious Diseases
Subtitle of host publicationA Geographic Guide
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9780470655290
StatePublished - May 16 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute and chronic suppurative otitis - in areas, affecting children
  • CNS infections - meningitis and encephalitis
  • Central Africa, Sao Tomé and Principe - island nation in Gulf of Guinea, disease spectrum
  • Chronic CNS infections, more than 4 weeks of symptoms - in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients
  • Ear, nose and throat infections - in immunocompromised host
  • Genitourinary infections - cystitis, pyelonephritis and nephritis
  • Infections in immunocompromised host - pneumonia in immunocompromised host
  • Pattern of infectious diseases in Central Africa - geoclimatic conditions and socioeconomic factors
  • Skin infections in immunocompromised host - affecting HIV patients
  • WAT, chronic disease, progression over months - final CNS stage, lethargy, coma and death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)


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