Cell surface expression of the HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins is directed from intracellular CTLA-4-containing regulated secretory granules

Luis R. Miranda, Brian C. Schaefer, Abraham Kupfer, Zixin Hu, Alex Franzusoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The envelope glycoprotein (Env) of HIV-1 is incorporated into virions that bud from the cell surface of infected T cells. With immunofluorescence microscopy and subcellular membrane fractionation techniques, the intracellular fate of Env in the secretory pathway of HIV-1-infected T cells was evaluated. Rather than trafficking constitutively from the Golgi to the cell surface, Env is directed to intracellular CTLA-4-containing granules, whose recruitment to the cell surface is regulated. The use of the regulated pathway for intracellular Env storage before virion assembly holds implications for the staging of Env exposure at the cell surface of infected cells and of coordinating HIV virion assembly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8031-8036
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 11 2002


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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