Ceftazidime monotherapy for empiric treatment of febrile neutropenic patients: A metaanalysis

John W. Sanders, Neil R. Powe, Richard D. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Whether ceftazidime monotherapy is equal in efficacy to combination regimens (Comb) for empiric treatment of febrile neutropenic patients was tested using metaanalysis. Published studies and abstracts of ceftazidime trials were identified, their quality assessed, the efficacy data abstracted and pooled, and effects of patient and study characteristics examined. The pooled odds ratio (OR) of failure of ceftazidime for febrile episodes was 1.27 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.79-2.03; n = 1077) and for bacteremic episodes was 0.72 (CI, 0.33-1.58; n = 248; OR <1.0 favors ceftazidime). Results were not significantly affected by type of antibiotic in Comb, age, neutropenia (<500/mm3), study quality, or combining abstracts. Results indicate that Comb does not offer a significant advantage over ceftazidime. A subgroup of profoundly neutropenic (<100/mm3) patients could not be assessed, raising the possibility that in this important subgroup monotherapy and Comb may not be equivalent. Use of ceftazidime empirically may require modification based on microbiologic results and clinical course.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)907-916
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume164
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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