CD4 T cell survival after intermittent interleukin-2 therapy is predictive of an increase in the CD4 T cell count of HIV-infected patients

Sarah W. Read, Richard A. Lempicki, Michele Di Mascio, Sharat Srinivasula, Rosanne Burke, William Sachau, Marjorie Bosche, Joseph W. Adelsberger, Irini Sereti, Richard T. Davey, Jorge A. Tavel, Chiung Yu Huang, Haleem J. Issaq, Stephen D. Fox, H. Clifford Lane, Joseph A. Kovacs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Administration of interleukin (IL)-2 to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients leads to significant increases in CD4 T cell counts. We previously have shown that IL-2 induces increased proliferation and survival of CD4 T cells. Deuterium labeling studies were undertaken to study the relationship between IL-2-induced increases in the CD4 T cell count and the effects of IL-2 on cell proliferation and survival. A strong inverse correlation was noted between the rate of decay of the label in CD4 cells and increases in CD4 cell counts (R = -0.67; P<.001). This correlation was not seen with the level of proliferating cells. Although the CD4 cell count at baseline and the number of CD4 cells expressing CD25 were also predictive of increases in the CD4 cell count, the rate of decay remained the most statistically significant predictor in multivariate regression models. Thus, an increase in the survival of CD4 T cells appears to be the critical mechanism leading to sustained increases in the CD4 cell counts of HIV-infected patients receiving intermittent IL-2 therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)843-850
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume198
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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