Category and letter fluency in highly educated older adults

Karen I Bolla, Sarah Gray, Susan M. Resnick, Regina Galante, Claudia Kawas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Performance on letter and category fluency was studied in a group of 478 healthy, highly intelligent and educated, older adults (aged 55 to 94 years). The aim of the study was to determine and contrast the effects of age, sex, and intelligence (estimated by the NAART) on letter (FAS) and category (fruits, animal, vegetables) verbal fluency performance. Significant effects were found for age and NAART error score on all fluency scores. However, these effects were small in magnitude. The NAART was found to be a better predictor of verbal fluency scores than education. The relative sensitivity of letter and category fluency to age was not significantly different. Sex was related to performance for the categories of fruits and vegetables, with women outperforming men. Separate mean values for fluency measures are provided for different ages, NAART error scores, educational level, and sex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-338
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Neuropsychologist
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Vegetables
Fruit
Intelligence
Education
Letters
Fluency
Verbal Fluency
Animals
Predictors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Category and letter fluency in highly educated older adults. / Bolla, Karen I; Gray, Sarah; Resnick, Susan M.; Galante, Regina; Kawas, Claudia.

In: Clinical Neuropsychologist, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1998, p. 330-338.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bolla, Karen I ; Gray, Sarah ; Resnick, Susan M. ; Galante, Regina ; Kawas, Claudia. / Category and letter fluency in highly educated older adults. In: Clinical Neuropsychologist. 1998 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 330-338.
@article{621aa53f2ad74ee6964ca1cd411dfe02,
title = "Category and letter fluency in highly educated older adults",
abstract = "Performance on letter and category fluency was studied in a group of 478 healthy, highly intelligent and educated, older adults (aged 55 to 94 years). The aim of the study was to determine and contrast the effects of age, sex, and intelligence (estimated by the NAART) on letter (FAS) and category (fruits, animal, vegetables) verbal fluency performance. Significant effects were found for age and NAART error score on all fluency scores. However, these effects were small in magnitude. The NAART was found to be a better predictor of verbal fluency scores than education. The relative sensitivity of letter and category fluency to age was not significantly different. Sex was related to performance for the categories of fruits and vegetables, with women outperforming men. Separate mean values for fluency measures are provided for different ages, NAART error scores, educational level, and sex.",
author = "Bolla, {Karen I} and Sarah Gray and Resnick, {Susan M.} and Regina Galante and Claudia Kawas",
year = "1998",
doi = "10.1076/clin.12.3.330.1986",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "330--338",
journal = "Clinical Neuropsychologist",
issn = "1385-4046",
publisher = "Swets & Zeitlinger",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Category and letter fluency in highly educated older adults

AU - Bolla, Karen I

AU - Gray, Sarah

AU - Resnick, Susan M.

AU - Galante, Regina

AU - Kawas, Claudia

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - Performance on letter and category fluency was studied in a group of 478 healthy, highly intelligent and educated, older adults (aged 55 to 94 years). The aim of the study was to determine and contrast the effects of age, sex, and intelligence (estimated by the NAART) on letter (FAS) and category (fruits, animal, vegetables) verbal fluency performance. Significant effects were found for age and NAART error score on all fluency scores. However, these effects were small in magnitude. The NAART was found to be a better predictor of verbal fluency scores than education. The relative sensitivity of letter and category fluency to age was not significantly different. Sex was related to performance for the categories of fruits and vegetables, with women outperforming men. Separate mean values for fluency measures are provided for different ages, NAART error scores, educational level, and sex.

AB - Performance on letter and category fluency was studied in a group of 478 healthy, highly intelligent and educated, older adults (aged 55 to 94 years). The aim of the study was to determine and contrast the effects of age, sex, and intelligence (estimated by the NAART) on letter (FAS) and category (fruits, animal, vegetables) verbal fluency performance. Significant effects were found for age and NAART error score on all fluency scores. However, these effects were small in magnitude. The NAART was found to be a better predictor of verbal fluency scores than education. The relative sensitivity of letter and category fluency to age was not significantly different. Sex was related to performance for the categories of fruits and vegetables, with women outperforming men. Separate mean values for fluency measures are provided for different ages, NAART error scores, educational level, and sex.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032405819&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032405819&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1076/clin.12.3.330.1986

DO - 10.1076/clin.12.3.330.1986

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0032405819

VL - 12

SP - 330

EP - 338

JO - Clinical Neuropsychologist

JF - Clinical Neuropsychologist

SN - 1385-4046

IS - 3

ER -